“This state permit will help protect our waterways from aquatic invasive species while maintaining a robust shipping industry in Wisconsin,” Frank said. “We believe this permit provides strong protections without damaging the shipping industry. We will continue to see strong national legislation as the best solution to address this problem.”
The permit would be valid for five years. Ocean-going ships would have to meet strict standards for the number of living organisms allowed in the ballast water they discharge in Wisconsin ports.
- Beginning in 2012, assuming commercially viable technology is available, existing ocean-going ships would have to meet a standard for living organisms in the ballast water they discharge that is 100 times more protective than the standard proposed by the International Maritime Organization. New York State uses the same standard.
- Beginning in 2013, assuming commercially viable technology is available, new ocean-going ships would be required to meet a standard that is 1,000 times more protective than the proposed international standards, and the same as California’s.
- Commercial vessels that move only among Great Lakes ports, known as “lakers,” would not have to meet a ballast discharge standard in this general permit, which would be effective through 2014. However, they would be required to immediately take steps to prevent spreading aquatic invasive species around the Great Lakes. These steps, or best management practices, are required upon coverage of the permit. A sediment management plan shall be maintained and conform to the U.S. Coast Guard standards.
“The best solution to this problem is a federal one but we cannot wait for Congress to act,” said Secretary Frank. “This permit will help stop the spread of these invasive species that take a steep toll on our Great Lakes, inland waterways and $13 billion dollar tourism industry.”
More than 180 nonnative fish, plants, insects and organisms have entered the Great Lakes since the early 1800s, disrupting the food chain, fouling beaches, clogging infrastructure and costing citizens, industry and businesses more than $200 million a year. Research has shown the primary way aquatic invasive species enter the Great Lakes is when ocean-going vessels discharge the ballast water they’ve carried on the ship to provide balance.
“Governor Doyle has been a leader in fighting aquatic invasive species in Wisconsin and under his administration funding has increased to help stop their spread on inland waters,” said Secretary Frank. “Under Governor Doyle’s leadership, we will continue to work with Wisconsin’s congressional delegation to achieve strong federal regulations and more federal funding to fight aquatic invasive species on the Great Lakes.”
The DNR has prepared an environmental assessment of the proposed general permit and does not anticipate the permit will result in significant environmental impacts. The department has made a preliminary determination that an environmental impact statement is not needed.
The EA is available for public review and can be found online at Ballast Water Discharge General Permit or obtained from the permit drafter, Paul Luebke. Public comments on the proposed permit will be accepted from Feb. 20, 2009, through March 23, 2009 and should be sent to Mr. Luebke. He can be reach by phone at (608) 266-0234, by e-mail at Paul.Luebke@wisconsin.gov, or by mail at P.O. Box 7921, Madison, WI.
The hearing on the general permit is set for 10 a.m., March 23 at the DNR Southeast Regional Headquarters Room 140, 2300 N. Dr. Martin Luther King Dr., Milwaukee.